Category:Education Standards

From Caselaw.Ninja Education


General Standards

Objectives of Paralegal Education Programs:

a paralegal educational program shall maintain a rigorous program of legal education that prepares its students, upon graduation, for the provision of legal services and for effective, ethical, and responsible participation as members of the legal profession.

Learning Outcomes

  1. A paralegal educational program shall establish learning outcomes that shall, at a minimum, include competency in the following:
    1. Knowledge and understanding of substantive and procedural law;
    2. Legal analysis and reasoning, legal research, problem-solving, and written and oral communication in the legal context;
    3. Exercise of proper professional and ethical responsibilities to clients and the legal system; and
    4. Other professional skills needed for competent and ethical participation as a member of the legal profession.

Curriculum

A paralegal educational program shall offer a curriculum that requires each student to satisfactorily complete at least the following:

General Knowledge

  1. Provide a student with a general knowledge of the structure of the Canadian government and political system.
  2. Provide a student with an overview of the organization of the Canadian court system.
  3. Provide a student with a general knowledge of the structure of the Canadian legal system, including an explanation of civil law and common law.
  4. Provide a student with an understanding of what defines private law, public law, procedural law, and substantive law
  5. Provide a student with an overview and explanation of commonly used legal terminology.
  6. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the meaning and application of jurisdiction.
  7. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the Constitution Acts, 1867 to 1982.
  8. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the Charter and its application.
  9. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of property law, including real property – interests in land, systems of land registration, mortgages; intellectual property; negotiable instruments; Personal Property Security Act
  10. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of business law, including corporations, partnerships, and sole proprietorships, and the advantages and disadvantages of each; registration of businesses.
  11. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of consumer law, including the Competition Act; Consumer Protection Act, 2002; Sale of Goods Act; Food and Drugs Act; Repair and Storage Liens Act.
  12. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the special legal rights of the Indigenous Peoples in Canada and the reasons for those rights.
  13. Provide a student with a general introduction to theories and legal thought, specifically the development of why laws are made, how laws evolved, and how humans have evolved with those laws, with reference to Socrates, Hobbs, and Jordan.
  14. Provide a student with a general overview of logical fallacies and formal logic.

Torts & Contracts

  1. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of intentional torts and defenses.
  2. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of negligence law and defenses.
  3. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of occupier’s liability law and defenses.
  4. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of strict liability law and defenses.
  5. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of vicarious liability law and defenses.
  6. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of remedies in tort law.
  7. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the determination of damages.
  8. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the elements of a valid contract (e.g., intention, offer, acceptance, consideration, legality, form).
  9. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of conditions, warranties, and implied terms.
  10. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of privity of contract and assignment of contract rights.
  11. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of contractual defects (e.g., mistake, misrepresentation, undue influence, duress).
  12. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of methods of discharging a contract.
  13. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of methods of breaching a contract.
  14. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of remedies for breach of contract.

Legal Research

  1. Provide a student with sufficient skills to research and update statutes and regulations through paper and electronic means.
  2. Provide a student with sufficient skills to research and update cases through paper and electronic means.
  3. Provide a student with sufficient skills to interpret and apply statutes and regulations.
  4. Provide a student with sufficient skills to interpret and apply cases.
  5. Provide a student with sufficient skills to identify the legal issues within a case
  6. Provide a student with sufficient skills to identify legal principles within a case
  7. Provide a student with sufficient skills to identify legal tests that apply to given principles
  8. Provide a student with sufficient skills to utilize electronic search methods, including; Using boolean search terms within an electronic database; Using electronic search term operators, (eg.. AND, OR, /25 etc..), and Using effective key word searches

Administrative Law

  1. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of relevant primary legislation (e.g., Judicial Review Procedure Act, Statutory Powers Procedure Act, human rights legislation, Charter).
  2. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the basic principles of administrative law (e.g., natural justice, fairness, discretion, bias, substantive review of public decision-making).
  3. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of who has standing to commence legal actions.
  4. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the differences between courts and administrative tribunals.
  5. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the general nature, functions and procedures of tribunals.
  6. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of tribunal’s enabling legislation.
  7. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of charter applications.
  8. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of charter remedies.
  9. Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of appeals, judicial review, and standard of review.
  10. Provide a student with sufficient skills to interpret tribunal decisions.

Residential Landlord and Tenant

Practicum

Practicums must be primarily experiential in nature and must:

  1. provide no less than 480 hours of field instruction.
  2. integrate doctrine, theory, skills, and legal ethics, and engage students in the performance of one or more of the professional skills identified in an approved curriculum.
  3. develop the concepts underlying the professional skills being taught
  4. provide multiple opportunities for performance
  5. provide opportunities for student performance, self-evaluation, and feedback from a faculty member, or, for a field placement, a site supervisor;
  6. provide a classroom instructional component; or, for a field placement, a classroom instructional component, regularly scheduled tutorials, or other means of ongoing, contemporaneous, faculty-guided reflection; and
  7. provide direct supervision of the student’s performance by the faculty member; or, for a field placement, provide direct supervision of the student’s performance by a faculty member or a site supervisor.

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